What Are the Ankle Bones? And 10 Other Burning Foot and Ankle Questions Answered


Ankle Bones and 10 Burning Foot and Ankle Questions Answered

The bones of our ankles form an extensive, intricate system. It's a system that creates the foundation of stability for our entire body. To put it in basketball terms, you might say that the ankle bones are the "point guard" of our body. Meaning, the ankle bones are always involved, no matter what activity we do. Like a point guard, right? Ok, ok. Let's move on to the questions.


1. What are the ankle bones?

We have three ankle bones that make up the ankle joint:

  • The Tibia - shinbone.
  • The Fibula - smaller bone of the lower leg.
  • The Talus - a small bone that sits between the heel bone (calcaneus) and the tibia and fibula.

2. Is the ankle bone a part of the foot?

The foot consists of the hindfoot, the midfoot, and the forefoot. The hindfoot includes the talus (or ankle bone) and the calcaneus (or heel bone). The instep is the arched part of the top of the foot between the toes and the ankle.

3. How many ankle bones and foot bones do we have?

The foot and ankle contains a whole bunch of bones and joints. It has 26 bones and 33 joints. It hsa more than 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments. Did you know: One-quarter of the bones in the human body are in the feet

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4. Where are the ankle bones?

The main bones of the ankle region are the talus (in the foot), and the tibia and fibula (in the leg). The talocrural joint is a synovial hinge joint. It connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula in the lower limb with the proximal end of the talus.

5. What are the bones of the foot?

  • The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals).

  • The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone.

  • The hindfoot forms the heel and ankle.

6. What are "cankles" ankles?

Cankles is a "made-up" term which a contraction of "calf-ankles." It refers to oversized ankles with poor definition. Cankles is not a medical term. It's a derogatory term often used to describe thick ankles. So please, refrain from using this term. Words hurt.

7. Is the ankle part of the foot or the leg?

The back of your foot (hindfoot) consists of your heel bone (calcaneus) and your ankle (talus). They're joined together by your subtalar joint, which allows your foot to move from side to side. Your ankle bone joins too your leg bones (tibia and fibula) at your ankle joint, which acts like a hinge.

8. What type of joint is the ankle?

The ankle joint (or talocrural joint) is a synovial joint located in the lower limb. It consists of the bones of the leg and the foot – the tibia, fibula, and talus. In function, it is a hinge type joint.



9. What is the name of the ball on your ankle?

The medial malleolus, felt on the inside of your ankle is part of the tibia's base. The posterior malleolus, felt on the back of your ankle is also part of the tibia's base. The lateral malleolus, felt on the outside of your ankle is the low end of the fibula.

10. Is the ankle a hinge joint?

A hinge joint is a common class of synovial joint that includes the ankle, elbow, and knee joints. Hinge joints form between two or more bones where the bones can only move along one axis to flex or extend.

What are the ligaments in the ankle?

The ligament on the outside of the ankle (lateral ligament) has  three separate bands. One at the front (anterior talo-fibular ligament). One in the middle (calcaneo-fibular ligament). And one at the back (posterior talo-fibular ligament). The front and middle bands are the ligaments which we see injured in a sprain.

Dr. JP Elton